Diagnostic stack in AUTOSAR



After reading this blog you will learn
1. What is Diagnostics used for?
2. Overview of Diagnostics Stack of Autosar.
3. Overview of DEM, DCM, DET, FIM modules from Diagnostics stack of  AUTOSAR

1. What is Vehicle Diagnostics :


Vehicle diagnostics is all about checking the health of your vehicle using some protocols. Protocols are either on board vehicle diagnostics (OBD) protocol or off board protocols (UDS). Using these protocols information from different systems or sensors can be read or error reported by ECUs can be read and error related data can be read and many more things can be done using diagnostics





2. Overview of Diagnostic Stack


Fig. 1 AUTOSAR Diagnostic stack  

Fig. 1 Shows AUTOSAR diagnostics stack overview. Shows different modules of Diagnostics stack and their location in AUTOSAR (Com Service or memory service etc). Diagnostics stack contains DEM (Diagnostic Event Manager), DCM (Diagnostics Communication Manager), FIM (Function Inhibition Manager) and DET (Development Error Tracer).

NvM is part of memory stack. Here NvM is required to store event related data when event fails. i.e. to store freeze frame data and extended data. Blocks are created in NvM to store diagnostic event related data.




2.1 Diagnostic Event Manager (DEM)

DEM is present at system service layer in AUTOSAR architecture module. DEM module is responsible for processing diagnostic events and storing event and event related data to NvM. Also DEM provides diagnostics information to DCM module i.e. DTC status or snapshot data (freeze-frame). 

DEM modules defines DTCs (Diagnostics Trouble Codes). DTCs are associated to events (e.g. event of sensor fault) and SWC (Monitor function which monitors sensor state) or BSW modules (Monitor function of BSW module which monitors state of BSW modules) can report event status (Passed or Failed) to DEM module i.e. in case if event fails DEM module will set DTC status bytes as per ISO-14229 and request /NvM to store Event and event related data to NvM. More about DEM is discussed in AUTOSAR DEM blog. Please read for more information.




2.2 Diagnostic Communication Manager (DCM)

DCM is present at Communication Service layer in AUTOSAR architecture module. DCM is part of diagnostic stack. DCM is responsible for communication between external testing tool (used for requesting diagnostic data from ECU using services provided by ISO 14229). Data may be DTC status or to read DID values. 

DCM module accepts incoming request service from tester tool validates service and take proper action related to service (it may communicate to DEM for reading DTC related info) and send Positive response or Negative Response Code (NRCs) based on validation of incoming request and processing of request.

Format of request and response is defined in ISO 14229.Read AUTOSAR DCM blog for more information related to DCM module.




2.3 Development Error Tracer (DET)

DET is module is used at time of development. While Development DET module is enabled and for final release DET should be disabled. DET module provides APIs to report an error. When DET module is enabled, different checks are added to functions of different BSW modules to capture an error. Error are API function is called with wrong argument, API function is called with NULL Pointer etc. Each error has an error number and each module has a module number.

More information about DET error code for each BSW module is defined in respective SWS document provided by Autosar.

2.4 Function Inhibition Monitor (FIM)

FIM module responsible for inhibition of particular functionality of software components based on event status. FIM used FID (Function Identifier). FID represents functionality with inhibition condition. There is an inhibition condition and if particular inhibition condition is satisfied respective functionality will be stopped from execution. FID is assigned to SWC.

 An event is assigned to FID. Based on event status FID's status is derived and which will decide whether to execute functionality or not.

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